Serving Survivors of Torture: Attending to Vicarious Trauma and Enhancing Vicarious Resilience
This webinar, presented on 1/19/2011, features S. Megan Berthold and Ana Deutsch of the Program for Torture Victims in Los Angeles.
This webinar is part of the National Capacity Building (NCB) webinar series. NCB is a project of the Center for Victims of Torture.
Literature Related to Vicarious Trauma
Comprehensive bibliography compiled by Beth Hudnall Stamm: Stamm, B.H. (2010, November). Comprehensive Bibliography Of The Effect Of Caring For Those Who Have Experienced Extremely Stressful Events and Suffering. www.proqol.org.
The National Center for PTSD’s PILOTS database is a great source for traumatic stress literature: http://www.ptsd.va.gov/professional/pilots-database/pilots-db.asp
Baker EK. Caring for ourselves: A therapist’s guide to personal and professional well-being. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association; 2003.
Figley CR (ed). Compassion fatigue: Coping with traumatic stress disorder in those who treat the traumatized. New York, NY: Bruner/Mazel; 1995.
Figley CR, Kleber R. Beyond the “victim:” Secondary traumatic stress. In: Kleber RJ, Figley CR (eds). Beyond trauma: Cultural and Societal dynamics. New York: Plenum Press; 1995: 75-98.
Hesse, A. R. (2002). Secondary trauma: How working with trauma survivors affects therapists. Clinical Social Work Journal, 30(3), 293-309.
Lustig SL, Delucchi K, Teenakoon L, Kaul B, Marks DL, Slavin D. Burnout and stress among United States Immigration Judges. 13 Bender’s Immigration Bulletin 22. 2008:22-30.
Lustig SL, Karnik N, Delucchi K, Teenakoon L, Kaul B, Marks DL, Slavin D. Inside the Judges' Chambers: Narrative Responses from the National Association of Immigration Judges Stress and Burnout Survey. Georgetown Immigration Law Journal. 2009; 23(1):57-83.
McCann I, Pearlman L. Vicarious traumatization: A framework for understanding the psychological effects of working with victims. J of Traumatic Stress. 1990;3(1):131-149.
Pearlman LA, Mac Ian PS. Vicarious traumatization: An empirical study of the effects of trauma work on trauma therapists. Professional Psychology. 1995;26(6);558-565.
Pearlman LA. Self-care for trauma therapists: Ameliorating vicarious traumatization. In: Stamm BH (ed). Secondary traumatic stress: Self-care issues for clinicians, researchers and educators. Lutherville, MD: Sidran Press; 1995: 51-64.
Pearlman LA, Caringi J. Living and working self-reflectively to address vicarious trauma. In: Courtois CA, Ford JD (eds). Treating complex traumatic stress disorders: An evidence-based guide. New York: Guilford Press; 2009: 202-224.
Piwowarczyk L, Ignatius S, Crosby S, Grodin M, Heeren T, Sharma A. Secondary trauma in asylum lawyers. Bender’s Immigration Bulletin. 2009;3:263- 269.
Saakvitne KW, Pearlman LA, & Staff of TSI/CAAP. Transforming the pain: A workbook on vicarious traumatization. New York: Norton; 1996.
Saakvitne KW, Tennen H, Affleck G. Exploring thriving in the context of clinical trauma theory: Constructivist self development theory. Journal of Social Issues. 1998;54(2); 279-299.
Stamm BH (ed). Secondary traumatic stress: Self-care issues for clinicians, researchers, & educators. 2nd ed. Lutherville, MD: Sidran Press; 1999.
Stamm BH, Figley CR. Advances in the Theory of Compassion Satisfaction and Fatigue and its Measurement with the ProQOL 5. International Society for Traumatic Stress Studies annual conference. Atlanta, GA; 2009; Nov.
Weingarten K. Common shock: Witnessing violence every day. New York: Penguin Group; 2003.
Literature Related to Vicarious Resilience
Engstrom, D., Hernandez, P., & Gangsei, D. (2008). Vicarious resilience: A qualitative investigation into its description. Traumatology, 14(3), 13-21.
Hernández, P., Gangsei, D., & Engstrom, D. (2007). Vicarious resilience: A new concept in work with those who survive trauma. Family Process, 46, 229-241.
New Tactics in Human Rights hosted an on-line tactical dialogue on Self-Care for activists (Sept 2010). Can still contribute to dialogue and see resources related to self-care at:
Saakvitne KW, Pearlman LA, & Staff of TSI/CAAP.
Transforming the pain: A workbook on vicarious traumatization.
New York: Norton; 1996.
A version of an assessment may be found at: http://www.ballarat.edu.au/aasp/student/sds/self_care_assess.shtml
Measuring CS & CF
The Professional Quality of Life Scale (ProQOL)
Is available for free at: www.proQOL.org
The Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale (STSC)
From: Bride BE, Robinson MM, Yegidis B & Figley CR (2004). Development and validation of the Secondary Traumatic Stress Scale. Research on Social Work Practice, 14(1), 27-35.