Cultural Idioms of Distress

Use the menu at right to explore all of the mental health evaluator training resources in this section. Click the title of a resource below to read or leave comments, or easily share the resource.

Adapting the Cultural Formulation for Clinical Assessments in Forensic Psychiatry

Aggarwal, Neil (2012), Journal of the American Academy of Psychiatry Law, 40:113-18

Cross-cultural researchers have advised against group approaches to individual care. This article offers a revision of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fourth Edition, Text Revision (DSM-IV) Outline for Cultural Formulation for use in forensic psychiatry by adjusting its formal guidelines with recommendations from the forensic mental health literature.


Complex Trauma, Complex Reactions: Assessment and Treatment

Courtois, Christine (2004), in Psychotherapy: Theory, Research, Practice, Training, Vol 41, No 4, 412-425

This article examines the criteria contained in the diagnostic conceptualization of complex PTSD (CPTSD). It reviews newly available assessment tools and outlines a sequences treatment based on accumulated clinical observation and emerging empirical substantiation.


The cross-cultural validity of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder: Implications for DSM-5

Hinton, D and Lewis-Fernandez, L (2010), Depression and Anxiety, 0: 1–19

The authors’ main purpose is to examine the validity of the DSM-IV-TR PTSD criteria as applied to traumatized members of diverse cultural groups, and the implications for the DSM-5 revision process.


Theories of post-traumatic growth: Cross-cultural perspectives

Splevins, K., Cohen, K., Bowley, J. & Joseph, S. (2010), in Journal of Loss and Trauma: International Perspectives on Stress and Coping, 15, 3:259-276

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