Torp-Pedersen S(1), Matteoli S, Wilhjelm JE, Amris K, Bech JI, Christensen R, Danneskiold-Samsøe B. Torture. 2009;19(1):19-26.
This article shares the results of a test performed to determine how accurate investigators are in determining whether a heel pad model is soft, medium or hard. (Reduced elasticity in the heel pads has been reported as a characteristic sequela of falanga.) This test used nine samples tested by two blinded experienced investigators, and found that investigators were able to identify three known elasticities correctly in approximately two-thirds of the cases. The use of clinical examination in documenting alleged exposure to torture warrants a high diagnostic accuracy of the applied tests. The study implies that palpatory testing of the human heel pad may not meet this demand. It is therefore recommended that a device able to perform an accurate measurement of the viscous-elastic properties of the heel pad be developed
Note that this study's findings were very similar to those of The diagnostic value of clinical examination after falanga.
The full article is available for free at the link below.
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