Medical

Pathways to embodied empathy and reconciliation: Former boy soldiers in a dance/movement therapy group in Sierra Leone

Harris, D. A. (2007). Pathways to embodied empathy and reconciliation: Former boy soldiers in a dance/movement therapy group in Sierra Leone. Intervention: International Journal of Mental Health, Psychosocial Work and Counselling in Areas of Armed Conflict, 5(3), 203-231.

Engaging in symbolic expression through attunement and kinaesthetic empathy enabled the teenagers to re£ect on their personal involvement in armed
con£ict in a way that encouraged enhanced awareness of belonging to the broader humanity.

Dance/movement therapy approaches to fostering resilience and recovery among African adolescent torture survivors

Harris, D. A. (2007). Dance/movement therapy approaches to fostering resilience and recovery among African adolescent torture survivors.Torture: Journal on Rehabilitation of Torture Victims and Prevention of Torture, 17(2): 134-155.

Dance/movement therapy (DMT) interventions, if designed to promote cultural relevance and community ownership, may enhance healing among African adolescent survivors of war and organised violence.

Torture—the body in conflict: The role of movement psychotherapy

Callaghan, K.(1995). Torture—the body in conflict: The role of movement psychotherapy. In M. Liebmann (Ed.), Arts approaches to conflict. (pp. 249-272). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Link is to majority of chapter available for free through Google Books. Note that this does not include all pages of chapter. The book that this chapter appears in is available for purchase or through a library.

Surviving Torture

by Richard Mollica, MD. Published in the New England Journal of Medicine, 351;1. July 1, 2004. www.nejm.org

More than 45 countries are currently suffering from the destruction caused by mass violence.The 20th century has been called the “refugee century,” with tens of millions of people violently displaced from their homes. Millions of these people have resettled in the United States, and refugees, asylum seekers, and illegal immigrants now commonly enter our health care institutions.

Diagnosis and Treatment of Depression in Adults With Comorbid Medical Conditions

By Mary A. Whooley, MD. Published in JAMA, May 2, 2012—Vol 307, No. 17.

Approximately 1 in 10 primary care patients has major depressive disorder, and its presence is associated with poor health outcomes in numerous medical conditions. Using the case of Mr J, a 52-year-old man with depressive symptoms and several comorbid medical conditions, diagnosis and treatment of depression are discussed.

Refugees' perspectives on barriers to communication about trauma histories in primary care

By Patricia Shannon, Maureen O'Dougherty, and Erin Mehta. Published in Mental Health in Family Medicine, 2012 January; 9(1): 47–55.

Objective This study explores refugees' perspectives regarding the nature of communication barriers that impede the exploration of trauma histories in primary care.

Method Brief interviews were conducted with 53 refugee patients in a suburban primary care clinic in the Midwest USA. Participants were asked if they or their doctors had initiated conversations about the impact of political conflict in their home countries.

Torture and War Trauma Survivors in Primary Care Practice

By H M Weinstein, L Dansky, and V Iacopino; published in Western Journal of Medicine, 1996 September; 165(3): 112–118.

Close to 1 million refugees from around the world have entered the United States, fleeing repression, war, terrorism, and disease. It has been estimated that among these are thousands who have experienced torture. Many refugees and immigrants will appear in the offices of health care professionals with symptoms that may be related either directly or indirectly to torture. Both physical and psychological torture may result in long-term sequelae.

Management of Acute Stress, PTSD, and Bereavement: WHO Recommendations

"To inform development of a new module on conditions specifically related to stress, WHO developed new guidelines to be released this week4 for the following symptoms occurring in the first month after trauma exposure: acute traumatic stress symptoms, insomnia, enuresis, dissociative symptoms, and hyperventilation (Table). In addition, guidelineswere developed for posttraumaticstressdisorder(PTSD) and bereavement.These conditionswerechosenfor their relevance in nonspecialized health settings.

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