Mental Health

Bhutanese Refugees Mental and Physical Health Resources

1.    Assessing the Mental Health of Karen and Bhutanese Refugee Families in the Child Welfare System by Patricia Shannon, Ph.D. et al (In collaboration with the Minnesota Department of Health and The Center for Victims of Torture). Available at the Minnesota Center for Social Work Research's web site. Direct link to poster:

Results of a focus group among Bhutanese and Karen refugees which gives providers insight into what these refugees require from providers in terms of encouragement, cultural sensitivity and

Bhutanese Refugees

These resources were assembled by Aaron Acharya and CVT in 2011.

This map shows the location of Bhutan relative to the rest of Asia. Click the map to see a large, detailed map of Bhutan.

The Affordable Care Act & Refugees: informational video in Nepali - in English

Stories of Hope from Bhutanese Refugees: Moving from Distress to Wellness - excellent short video series in Nepali with English subtitles

Iraqi Refugees

2013 Article: The Prevalence of Torture and Associated Symptoms in United States Iraqi Refugees

The Affordable Care Act & Refugees: informational video in Arabic - in English

In 2008 through an additional Technical Assistance initiative funded by the Office of Refugee Resettlement, CVT’s National Capacity Building Project partnered with ACCESS Center for Torture Survivors in Dearborn, MI, to provide specialized technical assistance to programs serving Iraqi torture survivors.

The informational webinars and related resources produced during that year on topics related to providing culturally

Survivor Resources

There are thousands of torture survivors who recover from their trauma and lead very productive and vital lives.

If you are a survivor of torture and would like to seek medical, mental health, legal or social service assistance, please contact one of the Healing Centers nearest you.

If you are in urgent need of mental health assistance, please go to Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services Administration's (SAMHSA) Find Treatment web page. This site offers information and a 24-hour Toll-free treatment referral helpline: 1-800-662-4357.

Torture Abolition and Survivors Support Coalition

Provider Resources

Providers of service to survivors of torture may work in the mental health, social service, legal, or medical fields.

There are also people working in the operation and administration of organizations serving torture survivors.

Please review the resources on the linked pages to learn more about these areas.

If you are a new employee in a program serving torture survivors, we suggest the following:

Narrative Exposure Therapy with Torture Survivors in Exile: Overview and Adaptations

Website referenced in the webinar

See for info on training

Resources from the webinar

  • Narrative Exposure Therapy Manual: Schauer, Neuner & Elbert, 2005 (pub. Hogrefe & Huber) Available on Amazon
  • Nickerson, A., Bryant, R., Silove, D., & Steel, Z.  (2011).  A critical review of psychological treatments of posttraumatic stress disorder in refugees.  Clinical Psychology Review, 31, 399-417. Available for rent or purchase
  • Robjant, K., & Fazel, M.  (2010).  The emerging evidence for Narrative Exposure Therapy: A review.  Clinical Psychology Review, 30, 1030-1039. Available for rent or

Domestic Healing Centers

NCB works with a number of torture treatment programs in the United States. The healing centers listed are either funded by the Office of Refugee Resettlement or are members of NCTTP. Click on a pin to view information about a particular healing center and for a link to that center's information and website. Many, but not all, torture treatment centers in the United States are members of the National Consortium of Torture Treatment Centers (NCTTP). 

For questions about NCTTP, please visit their website, or contact:

Hawthorne E. Smith, Ph.D.
President of National Consortium of Torture Treatment

Mental Health Resources

Select mental health content has been gathered here. Further resources for practitioners in the mental health field who are serving torture survivors are divided as follows:

"Torture survivors engage in psychological services to pursue a wide range of goals, from single symptom reduction to addressing the complex effects of torture on their families and communities. Psychological effects of torture vary considerably.

Healing centers

There are Healing Centers in the United States and in other countries of the world. Click to view domestic or U.S. or International Healing Centers:


Domestic Healing Centers


 International Healing Centers