Traumatic Head Injury

Primary Care

It is quite important that health care professionals working in primary care medical settings learn how to identify which patients have survived torture. Once these patients have been identified, it is critical to work with them in a compassionate and competent manner.

Major Depression Following Traumatic Brain Injury

Ricardo E. Jorge, MD; Robert G. Robinson, MD; David Moser, PhD; Amane Tateno, MD; Benedicto Crespo-Facorro, MD; Stephan Arndt, PhD. Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2004; 61:42-50.

Major depression is a frequent complication of TBI that hinders a patient's recovery. The article aims to determine the clinical, neuropsychological, and structural neuroimaging correlates of major depression occurring after TBI.

Brain Structural Abnormalities and Mental Health Sequelae in South Vietnamese Ex–Political Detainees Who Survived Traumatic Head Injury and Torture

Mollica, R., Lyoo, I.K., Chernoff, M., Bui, H., Lavelle ,J., Yoon, S., Kim, J.,  Renshaw, P. (2009) Arch Gen Psychiatry. 2009; 66(11):1221-1232.

Traumatic Head Injury is a common form of torture and occurs frequently in survivors of mass violence. This study of South Vietnamese ex–political detainees who had been incarcerated in Vietnamese reeducation camps and resettled in the United States disclosed significant mental health problems associated with torture and traumatic head injury.

Torture and its neurological sequelae

Moreno, A., Grodin, MA. (2002) Spinal Cord, 40(5):213-23

There are several forms of torture that may affect the nervous system including beatings, gunshot wounds, stab wounds, asphyxiation, prolonged suspension and electrocution. Victims of torture commonly experience neurological symptoms such as headaches, vertigo, loss of consciousness and dizziness during and after torture. The authors argue that the treatment of these neurological conditions does not differ from other patient populations.

THI Part 3 of 3: Family and Patient Support: New Approaches to Fostering Dialogue and Hope

In the 1950's Dr. Ettinger and later in the 1980s Goldfeld and Mollica identified Traumatic Head Injury (THI)/leading to Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) as a common and severe sequelae of trauma and other forms of external violence. THI/TBI is now likely recognized as the signature injury in American combat troops returning from the wars in the Middle East. Yet THI/TBI related to medical and psychiatric problems are difficult to diagnose and treat even in specialized clinics for survivors of torture and combat veterans.

Don't miss the other two parts of this webinar series!

History and Evidence of

THI Part 2 of 3: Screening for Traumatic Head Injury in a Basic Clinic Setting

Don't miss the other two parts of this webinar series!

History and Evidence of Traumatic Head Injury (THI): Basic Concepts and Principles in the Care of Torture Survivors with THI (THI Part 1 of 3)

Family and Patient Support: New Approaches to Fostering Dialogue and Hope (THI Part 3 of 3)

In the 1950's Dr. Ettinger and later in the 1980s Goldfeld and Mollica identified Traumatic Head Injury (THI)/leading to Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) as a common and severe sequelae of trauma and other forms of external violence.

THI Part 1 of 3: History and Evidence of Traumatic Head Injury (THI): Basic Concepts and Principles in the Care of Torture Survivors with THI

Don't miss the other two parts of this webinar series!

Screening for Traumatic Head Injury in a Basic Clinic Setting (THI Part 2 of 3)

Family and Patient Support: New Approaches to Fostering Dialogue and Hope (THI Part 3 of 3)

In the 1950's Dr. Ettinger and later in the 1980s Goldfeld and Mollica identified Traumatic Head Injury (THI)/leading to Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) as a common and severe sequelae of trauma and other forms of external violence. THI/TBI is now likely recognized as the signature injury in American combat troops returning from the wars in the Middle East.

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